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  1. Aibak marched against them, but was forced to retreat to Ajmer.

  2. After the victory at Chandawar, Aibak turned his attention towards consolidating his position in Koil.

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He raised to the position of Emir commander and worked as a Jashnkir first date then in aybak of the sultan's food and drink, or cupbearer [2] and used the rank of a Khawanja Sultan's accountant.

After the death of as-Salih Ayyub during the Frankish invasion of Damietta in and the murder of his heir and son Turanshah inShajar al-Durrthe widow of as-Salih Ayyub, with the help and support of the Mamluks of her late husband, seized the throne and became the Sultana of Egypt. The Ayyubids lost control over Egypt. Both the Ayyubids in Syria and the Abbasid Caliph al-Musta'sim in Baghdad defied the Mamluk move in Egypt and refused to recognize Shajar al-Durr as a Sultana [dn 6] but the Mamluks in Egypt renewed their oath to the new Sultana, and she appointed Aybak to the important position of Atabeg commander in chief.

Feeling uneasy when the Syrian Emirs refused to pay homage to Shajar al-Durr and granted Damascus to an-Nasir Yusuf the Ayyubid emir of AleppoShajar al-Durr married Aybak then abdicated and passed the throne first date then in aybak Aybak after she ruled Egypt for 80 days, starting on May 2, Aybak, from the end of July the new sultan of Egypt, was given the royal name al-Malik al-Muizz.

Aybak's formal rule ended after just five days. In addition, and to display his loyalty to his deceased Ayyubid master as-Salih Ayyub, Aybak organised a funeral ceremony for as-Salih first date then in aybak buried him in the tomb which as-Salih had built for himself before his death near his madrasah in the district of Bain al-Qasrain in Cairo. Then [ when? By defeating the Ayyubid forces of an-Nasir Yusuf and the crushing of the rebellion of Thalab the power of Emir Aktai and his Mamluks increased and they began to first date then in aybak a new threat to the authority of Aybak.

When Aktai asked Aybak to allow him to live inside the citadel [dn 12] with his future wife who was the sister of al-Malik al-Mansourthe Emir of HamaAybak became convinced that Aktai and his Mamluks had the intention to overthrow him and, thus, he decided to get rid of them. Inin a conspiracy with Qutuz and a few Mamluks, Aybak invited Aktai to the citadel and had him murdered. Aybak plundered the properties of the Bahriyya Mamluks and retracted Alexandria which Aktai controlled as own domain since Those who could not flee were either imprisoned or executed.

As soon as he finished with Aktai and his Bahriyya Mamluks, Aybak dethroned the child co-sultan al-Ashraf Musa and sent him back to his aunts' house, which was his home before they had made him a co-sultan. Now Aybak was the absolute and sole ruler of Egypt and parts of Syria, but shortly afterwards he settled a new agreement with an-Nasir Yusuf, which limited his power to Egypt only. In a new rebellion led by his namesake Izz al-Din Aybak al-Afram arose in upper Egypt and forces of an-Nasir Yusuf arrived to the Egyptian border, this time accompanied by the Bahriyya Mamluks who had fled to Syria, including Baibars al-Bunduqdari and Qalawun al-Alfi.

Being in need to form an alliance with an ally who could help him against the threat of the Mamluks who had fled to Syria, [11] Aybak decided in to marry the daughter of Badr ad-Din Lu'lu'the emir of Mosul.

Shajar al-Durr, who already had disputes with Aybak [dn 13] felt betrayed by the man who she made sultan, and had him murdered after he had ruled Egypt seven years. On the day of his death he was about 60 years old and had a few sons, among them Nasir ad-Din Khan and al-Mansur Ali.

Aybak's year-old son Ali was installed by first date then in aybak loyal Mamluks Mu'iziyya Mamlukswho were led by Qutuz. Aybak was first date then in aybak liked nor respected by the Egyptians though he was remembered schwarz masturbieren manner nackt marques houston the historian as a courageous and generous Sultan. Aybak ruled in a turbulent time. In addition to his conflicts with an-Nasir Yusuf in Lululemon finden sie durch yoga hose and Emir Aktai and his Mamluks in Egypt, there were threats from external forces, namely the Crusaders and Louis IX of France who were in Acre waiting for a chance to score a success against the Muslims after their humiliating defeat in Egypt in[dn 15] and the Mongols led by Hulagu who were starting to raid the eastern borders of the Islamic world.

Before their deaths, Aybak and Shajar al-Durr firmly established the Mamluk dynasty that would ultimately repulse the Mongolsexpel the European Crusaders from the Holy Landand would remain the most powerful political force in the Middle East until the coming of the Ottomans. Aibak built a Madrasah in Cairo known by the name al-Madrasah al-Mu'izzyah. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Aybak disambiguation. Silver dirham of Aybak. Ibn Taghri, PP. Shayal, p. Al-Maqrizi, p. Al-Maqrizi, pp.

See Sirat al-Zahir Baibars. Holt A History of the Near East. London: Routledge. Retrieved 12 September Mamluk Sultanate. Mamluk Sultans of Cairo. Hidden categories: Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles first date then in aybak Turkish-language text All articles with vague or ambiguous time Vague or ambiguous time from September Year of first date then in aybak unknown. First date then in aybak Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

First date then in aybak Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Al-Ashraf Musa. Aybak Mamluk Sultanate Born:?

Died: Sultan of Egypt Sultan of Egypt —


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